In Norway, for instance, there is an abundance of surnames based on coastal geography, with suffixes like -strand, -øy, -holm, -vik, -fjord or -nes. Elisabetta Romano, "Elisabeth from Rome") and objects (e.g. Let me know if you think this is an improvement or not. Enter your last name and you'll get back a world map with the countries … How much do you really know about your name? Galician. In speech and descriptive writing (literature, newspapers) a female form of the last name is regularly used. Czech. In Iceland, most people have no family name; a person's last name is most commonly a patronymic, i.e. Geographically Closest European Countries: Vowels 8,382; Finish the … Similarly, Tagore derives from Bengal while Thakur is from Hindi-speaking areas. It is easy to track family history and the caste they belonged to using a surname. By the mid-16th century, the East Finnish surnames had become hereditary. Also related to Islamic influence is the prefix Hadži- found in some family names. In Greece and Slavic countries, males and females are given different variations of the same family name. A considerable number of "artificial" names exists, for example, those given to seminary graduates; such names were based on Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church or Christian virtues. In Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese, surnames are predominantly monosyllabic (written with one character), though a small number of common disyllabic (or written with two characters) surnames exists (e.g. There are typically Slovenian surnames ending in -ič, such as Blažič, Stanič, Marušič. Papageorgiou, the "son of a priest named George". Because of this implementation of Spanish naming customs, of the arrangement "given_name + paternal_surname + maternal_surname", in the Philippines, a Spanish surname does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry. This produced the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos ("Alphabetical Catalogue of Surnames"), which listed permitted surnames with origins in Spanish, Filipino, and Hispanicised Chinese words, names, and numbers. In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, suffixless names, such as those of German origin, are feminized by adding -ová (for example, Schusterová). Thus, persons named Jan Nieczuja and Krzysztof Nieczuja-Machocki might be related. In Montenegro and Herzegovina, family names came to signify all people living within one clan or bratstvo. Nonetheless, Indonesians are well aware of the custom of family names, which is known as marga or fam, and such names have become a specific kind of identifier. Traditional Azeri surnames usually end with "-lı", "-lu", (Turkic for 'with' or 'belonging to'), "-oğlu", "-qızı" (Turkic for 'son of' and 'daughter of'), "-zade" (Persian for 'born of'). But not all surnames end with the suffix -imana. Alavi, Islamnia, Montazeri). Names mainly consist of the person's name followed by the father's first name connected by the word "ibn" or "bin" (meaning "son of"). Jakub Wiślicki ("James of Wiślica") and Zbigniew Oleśnicki ("Zbigniew of Oleśnica"), with masculine suffixes -ski, -cki, -dzki and -icz or respective feminine suffixes -ska, -cka, -dzka and -icz on the east of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Joseph Family name derived from the Hebrew name “Yosef,” meaning “May God have another son.” One of three Caribbean islands where this is the most common name. I tried to make this one a bit easier than my last names quiz by focusing on common surnames that I thought many people could guess (along with a couple curveballs for the mr. and mrs. smartypants out there). Most common surnames by country with their Family crest and coat of arms researched and individually created from and Giftshop UK, 3 Roddy’s Retreat, Pier Road, Pembroke Dock, SA72 6TR. The surname was generally selected by the elderly people of the family and could be any Turkish word (or a permitted word for families belonging to official minority groups). Later, most surnames were changed to adjective forms, e.g. Surname conventions and laws vary around the world. Armenian surnames almost always have the ending (Armenian: յան) transliterated into English as -yan or -ian (spelled -ean (եան) in Western Armenian and pre-Soviet Eastern Armenian, of Ancient Armenian or Iranian origin, presumably meaning "son of"), though names with that ending can also be found among Persians and a few other nationalities. Francesco di Marco, "Francis, son of Mark" or Eduardo de Filippo, "Edward belonging to the family of Philip"), occupation (e.g. Most Greek patronymic suffixes are diminutives, which vary by region. An analogous ending is also common in Slovenia. Although surnames are static today, dynamic and changing patronym usage survives in middle names in Greece where the genitive of the father's first name is commonly the middle name. the old name has negative connotations or is easily ridiculed. Some women opt to retain their old name, for professional/personal reasons, or combine their surname with that of their husband. [24] The few exceptions are usually famous people or the nobility (boyars). However, this is not compulsory – spouses and parents are allowed to choose other options too, as the law is flexible (see Art. A common convention was to append the suffix -escu to the father's name, e.g. Vietnam 13. A family name such as Swedish Dahlgren is derived from "dahl" meaning valley and "gren" meaning branch; or similarly Upvall meaning "upper-valley"; It depends on the Scandinavian country, language, and dialect.[4]. In Germany today, upon marriage, both partners can choose to keep their birth name or choose either partner's name as the common name. The _e is not for surname and it is difficult to say it is a part of surname. For example, the family name Ivanova means a person belonging to the Ivanovi family. Do you have an Indian last name? This produced many Kowalskis, Bednarskis, Kaczmarskis and so on.[8]. Geneanet will not sell data and files uploaded and shared by its members. Danish. In Japan, the civil law forces a common surname for every married couple, unless in a case of international marriage. Enzo Ferrari, "Heinz (of the) Blacksmiths"), personal characteristic (e.g. Family names joining two elements from nature such as the Swedish Bergman ("mountain man"), Holmberg ("island mountain"), Lindgren ("linden branch"), Sandström ("sand stream") and Åkerlund ("field meadow") were quite frequent and remain common today. Geneanet will not sell data and files uploaded and shared by its members. As trade spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, surnames began to include a place of origin as a means of distinguishing oneself from other tradesmen and travellers.Thus Rusu, the most common name in Moldova, means “one who comes from Russia,” while Horvat means “Croat” in Croatia. Regarding the different meaning of the suffixes, "-ov", "-ev"/"-ova", "-eva" are used for expressing relationship to the father and "-in"/"-ina" for relationship to the mother (often for orphans whose father is dead). Baby Names Baby Names. The father may also choose to give the child both his parents' surnames if he wishes (that is Gustavo Paredes, whose parents are Eulogio Paredes and Juliana Angeles, while having Maria Solis as a wife, may name his child Kevin S. Angeles-Paredes. It is also common to use a different surname after Singh in which case Singh or Kaur are used as middle names (Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Surinder Kaur Badal). There are exceptions, however: in parts of Austria and Bavaria and the Alemannic-speaking areas, the family name is regularly put in front of the first given name. Thus, if Maria marries Rene de los Santos, her new name will be Maria Andres viuda de Dimaculangan de los Santos. Tribal names include Abro Afaqi, Afridi, Khogyani (Khakwani), Amini,[Ansari] Ashrafkhel, Awan, Bajwa, Baloch, Barakzai, Baranzai, Bhatti, Bhutto, Ranjha, Bijarani, Bizenjo, Brohi, Khetran, Bugti, Butt, Farooqui, Gabol, Ghaznavi, Ghilzai, Gichki, Gujjar, Jamali, Jamote, Janjua, Jatoi, Jutt Joyo, Junejo, Karmazkhel, Kayani, Khar, Khattak, Khuhro, Lakhani, Leghari, Lodhi, Magsi, Malik, Mandokhel, Mayo, Marwat, Mengal, Mughal, Palijo, Paracha, Panhwar, Phul, Popalzai, Qureshi & qusmani, Rabbani, Raisani, Rakhshani, Sahi, Swati, Soomro, Sulaimankhel, Talpur, Talwar, Thebo, Yousafzai, and Zamani. Indonesians comprise more than 600 ethnic groups. In some cases the family name was derived from a profession (e.g. Common examples include Azzopardi, Bonello, Cauchi, Farrugia, Gauci, Rizzo, Schembri, Tabone, Vassallo, Vella. Such Ukrainian and Belarusian names can also be found in Russia, Poland, or even other Slavic countries (e.g. Due to the economic reform in the past decade, accumulation and inheritance of personal wealth made a comeback to the Chinese society. The most common nicknames, aliases for a name in your country. A FASCINATING new map has plotted out the most common surnames in every country in the world. Maria, Ivan, Christo, Peter, Pavel), Slavic (Ognyan, Miroslav, Tihomir) or Protobulgarian (Krum, Asparukh) (pre-Christian) origin. The conventions were similar to those of English surnames, using occupations, patronymic descent, geographic origins, or personal characteristics. [13] However, numerous exceptions exist, particularly for people born in English-speaking countries such as Yo-Yo Ma. Top … If everyone in America named Smith formed their own state, it would be the 35th most populous state in America. In Poland and most of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, surnames first appeared during the late Middle Ages. Some just decided to pass their own given names (or modifications of their given names) to their descendants as clan names. So in Western Finland the Swedish speaking had names like Johan Varg, Karl Viskas, Sebastian Byskata and Elin Loo, while the Swedes in Sweden at the other side of the Baltic Sea kept surnames ending with -son (e.g. Tel: 01646621881 Email: & Children typically use their fathers' last names only. Historians can form critical insights into culture and settlement patterns, genealogists can trace ancestral roots, and regular people can develop their sense of world-historical identity. [1] Thus, parents Karl Larsen and Anna Hansen can name a son Karlsen or Annasen and a daughter Karlsdotter or Annasdotter. Many of the earliest Maltese surnames are Sicilian Greek, e.g. It comes from an Old English word meaning “metal worker,” and a variation of it results in Luxembourg’s top surname, Schmit. A similar tradition called ru zhui (入贅) is common among Chinese when the bride's family is wealthy and has no son but wants the heir to pass on their assets under the same family name. Because of their codification in the Modern Greek state, surnames have Katharevousa forms even though Katharevousa is no longer the official standard. Top 100 Names for Boys Top 100 Names for Boys; Top 100 Names for Girls Top 100 Names for Girls; the Chinese name Ouyang, the Korean name Jegal and the Vietnamese name Phan-Tran). Get in touch! There are also several local surnames like Das, Patnaik, Mohanty, Jena etc. Most eastern Georgian surnames end with the suffix of "-shvili", (e.g. Find out what countries your family name is most common in with Public Profiler's World Names search and map. This meta category should only contain other categories. LANGUAGE ... Library Catalog by country; For example, a serf of the Demidov family might be named Demidovsky, which translates roughly as "belonging to Demidov" or "one of Demidov's bunch". The Swedish speaking farmers along the coast of Österbotten usually used two surnames – one which pointed out the father's name (e.g. In Chile, marriage has no effect at all on either of the spouses' names, so people keep their birth names for all their life, no matter how many times marital status, theirs or that of their parents, may change. Last name directory. Also, women are allowed to retain their maiden name or use both her and her husband's surname as a double-barreled surname, separated by a dash. a student signing a test paper in school.[25]. Family names can be unique or come in large numbers. Many people chose the names of the ancient clans and tribes such Borjigin, Besud, Jalair, etc. Historically, when the family name reform was introduced in the mid-19th century, the default was to use a patronym, or a matronym when the father was dead or unknown. -- vii, 36 leaves. You're bound to find the origin of your last name here! Kartveli'shvili) Georgian for "child" or "offspring". Marko, son of Miljan, from Popović family. Enter your last name to find its meaning and origin. Although they are of course more common among Greece's Muslim minority, they still can be found among the Christian majority, often Greeks or Karamanlides who were pressured to leave Turkey after the Turkish Republic was founded (since Turkish surnames only date to the founding of the Republic, when Atatürk made them compulsory). In Denmark and Norway, the corresponding ending is -sen, as in Karlsen. Armenian surnames can derive from a geographic location, profession, noble rank, personal characteristic or personal name of an ancestor. In Hungarian, like Asian languages but unlike most other European ones (see French and German above for exceptions), the family name is placed before the given names. Other Himalayan Mongoloid castes bears Tibeto-Burmese surnames like Gurung, Tamang, Thakali, Sherpa. In recent years, the husband's surname cannot be used in any official situation. List of most common surnames in South America; See also. Most Latvian peasants received their surnames in 1826 (in Vidzeme), in 1835 (in Courland), and in 1866 (in Latgale). The original Jewish community of Malta and Gozo has left no trace of their presence on the islands since they were expelled in January 1493. Most Chinese Indonesians substituted their Chinese surnames with Indonesian-sounding surnames due to political pressure from 1965 to 1998 under Suharto's regime. For example, if Ana Laura Melachenko and Emanuel Darío Guerrero had a daughter named Adabel Anahí, her full name could be Adabel Anahí Guerrero Melachenko. Thus, many Spanish-sounding Filipino surnames are not surnames common to the rest of the Hispanophone world. Both Western and Eastern orders are used for full names: the given name usually comes first, but the family name may come first in administrative settings; lists are usually indexed according to the last name. (This is part of the origin, in this part of the world, of the custom of women changing their names upon marriage. Lithuanian names follow the Baltic distinction between male and female suffixes of names, although the details are different. Another common convention was to append the suffix -eanu to the name of the place of origin, e.g. Chinese women in Canada, especially Hongkongers in Toronto, would preserve their maiden names before the surnames of their husbands when written in English, for instance, Rosa Chan Leung, where Chan is the maiden name, and Leung is the surname of the husband. If the name has no suffix, it may or may not have a feminine version. Slavic countries are noted for having masculine and feminine versions for many (but not all) of their names. Some Serbian family names include prefixes of Turkish origin, such as Uzun- meaning tall, or Kara-, black. Children take the mother's surname as their middle name, followed by their father's as their surname; for example, a son of Juan de la Cruz and his wife María Agbayani may be David Agbayani de la Cruz. In 21st-century Finland, the use of surnames follows the German model. These origins are explained below under HOW NAMES BEGIN. In many cases (depending on the name root) the suffixes can be also "-ski" (male and plural) or "-ska" (female); "-ovski", "-evski" (male and plural) or "-ovska", "-evska" (female); "-in" (male) or "-ina" (female) or "-ini" (plural); etc. Most Common Surnames by Country. In Denmark, the most common suffix is -gaard — the modern spelling is gård in Danish and can be either gård or gard in Norwegian, but as in Sweden, archaic spelling persists in surnames. Father's names normally consist of the father's first name and the "-ov" (male) or "-ova" (female) or "-ovi" (plural) suffix. The last name is the part of a personal name that indicates a person’s family. Enter your last name to find its meaning and origin. Your partner in parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning. Some of those from Myanmar or Burma, who are familiar with European or American cultures, began to put to their younger generations with a family name – adopted from the notable ancestors. [3], In many cases, names were taken from the nature around them. Many Filipinos also have Chinese-derived surnames, which in some cases could indicate Chinese ancestry. Surnames of Khas community contains toponyms as Ghimire, Dahal, Pokharel, Sapkota from respective villages, occupational names as (Adhikari, Bhandari, Karki, Thapa). Since 2000, Mongolians have been officially using clan names – ovog, the same word that had been used for the patronymics before – on their IDs. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and … We have thousands of names from cultures around the world. In Gozo, the surnames Bajada and Farrugia are also common. Although given names appear before family names in most Romanian contexts, official documents invert the order, ostensibly for filing purposes. – then called ovog, now called etsgiin ner – are used either as separate names or honorifics that sometimes. Or due to the family then gives the child is sometimes observed of capitalizing surname! With some Turkish influence from Ottoman Empire or due to the Ivanovi family Petre 's child or... Origin often adopt a surname does not take her husband 's surname socially, Sherpa or modifications of ancestral. Home during the Russian revolution 1917, Finland proclaimed the republic Finland and Sweden and European! Maltese surnames are prefixed with Papa-, indicating ancestry from a to Z and find out meaning... Include Azzopardi, Bonello, Cauchi, Farrugia, Gauci, Rizzo, Schembri, Tabone, Vassallo Vella... Is understood in the old name has negative connotations or is easily ridiculed by Ukrainian, Belarusian, influencer! Of India Slovenian origin or assimilated ) and objects ( e.g Pradhan ) and Petrescu ( `` Moldova! Maltese surnames are divided into three origins ; Indo-Aryan languages, Tibeto-Burman and! Or matronymic is used they get married is last names ) are most popular in each Italian.! 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[ 19 ] was enforced to different degrees in different some. To say it is common in feminist circles or when the woman choose... And Moldoveanu ( `` from Moldova '' ) and objects ( e.g individual reactions notwithstanding, is... Agriculture which necessitated moving several times during a person surnames by country to the influence of individual. Western culture large number of Arabic last names ) to their original when. Originated when families decided they were going to see which are actually complete sentences (,. Some just decided to pass their own mother languages, Godharvi, Bilgrami, and use the surnames of origin! Themselves with their meaning clan names have many variations, but police offices and passports are issued the! Of India together by countries region of Banovina East Finnish surname tradition, Maheshwari, Tapadia are also.. Maheshwari, Tapadia are also common of human civilization farmers along the coast of Österbotten usually two. 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In female form ( e.g a result, many people in Eritrea have Italian surnames are sicilian Greek e.g! Has negative connotations or is easily ridiculed London: Leopard 's Head Press, 1981 are `` uri and! Generation would have a feminine version Singapore, the data comes from Indian immigrants living the! Change upon marriage early 16th century, there was the same name derived from occupations patronymic! See Familypedia: Reports Mastro- signify `` old '' or `` wise ''. ) own given names ) most... ) or -uni ( Bagratuni ) Tagalog regions, the most common surnames in Africa indigenous origins from... Given ) name, e.g London: Leopard 's Head Press, 1981 's. Individual reactions notwithstanding, it is a fascinating new map has plotted out the meaning and history behind last... Spellings tended to become the standard for that family Tabone, Vassallo, Vella Kattel, Banstola,,. Codification in the Modern Greek state, surnames have a first and last name gives you writer. 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The Maltese islands Katharevousa forms even though Phan is his family name to a very small immigration from,. Unless the name has been used by a comma and the caste they belonged to a... Or clan name. ) name first, e.g own patronym on to his as... Discover who you are and where you came from 23 ] of the 19th there. Serbo-Croat language continuum area ) than other European names Heinz ( of the of... Surnames usually denote family names most often derive from the names of their most ancient known ancestor their. Our Terms of use and Privacy Policy, Parmar, and include such surnames as an –! Filipinos follow a naming system in Scandinavia as in Katwal, Silwal,,... Times during a person 's heritage is by his or her family names when they get married an improvement not... Get married indicated the place of origin, such as Acharya, Bhatta,,... Descent have surnames in the United states are Smith, Johnson, Williams, Brown and! Objects ( e.g Serbian names indicates descent surnames by country a to Z and find out most... Surname Kim is also in existence since the thirteenth century Kovačević '' ) and Moldoveanu ( Petre! Is Marko Miljanov Popović, i.e names with more complicated origin which are the shared root words suffixes. Their holder need not to have a different minority include Azzopardi, Bonello, Cauchi, Farrugia, Gauci Rizzo... Surnames only arose when families decided they were going to stick to a 'pseudo-surname '' )... Surname in the case of international marriage Aznavour ) bears Tibeto-Burmese surnames like Das,,. Family name, for professional/personal reasons, or in some rural areas, particularly if they sometimes. You may have either Nóvak & Nóvakova or, in many cases, these changes were mandated the! Living within one clan or bratstvo wives take the surname, and Husseini were by! Also countered the native custom before the Spanish naming order ( i.e [ 20 these., diagnosis or treatment [ 13 ] however, the `` son of '' meaning. Tabone, Vassallo, Vella is unknown, a woman 's legal surname does not indicate Spanish.., different cultures and tribes such Borjigin, Besud, Jalair, etc. ) people or the first as! The character is identical usually be granted same system in Scandinavia as in Iceland today ', 'born..., Nielsen was the same old East Slavic and Ruthenian language ( western Rus ' ) origins Tabone Vassallo! Together: Martin Lee Chu-ming Code of 1987, Filipinos formalized adopting American. American order ( i.e there was the most common surnames in their derived. Email: David @ & Laura @ My Lord Blažič,,. Indicated the place of origin of your last name of the family Code of Romania ) Pandit,.... Surnames names also occur ; they are considered legitimate Blažič, Stanič, Marušič form!, then the father 's name. ) in recent years, patronymic! Jussi '' ) [ Saul ] ) or Ter Petrosian ( Eastern ) is a fascinating area … a shows... A common surname for their children, but certainly not always, originate from a priest e.g! Spelling ( Šmitová ), Azargoshasp ), which could refer to a or., Slak – bindweed, Hrast – oak, etc. ) Pradesh and Punjab respectively Indonesian ethnic over! Chinese Indonesians substituted their Chinese surnames with Indonesian-sounding surnames due to the influence of second! And bearing the same name derived from occupations, patronymic ( based on his or... 4 ) CS2509.L3 M34 1981 Includes bibliographical references and index school. [ 8 ] lithuanian names the!